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Best browser for 2013

Posted on 27 Jul 2013 at 09:33

Which web browser offers the best balance of features and performance? Find out in our browser shoot-out

With browsers being updated on an almost-monthly basis, the days of being able to review new versions as they’re released have well and truly passed. So, we’ve taken a snapshot of the current browser market and put the top five Windows browsers by market share head to head.

We’ve subjected each to two different performance benchmarks and a memory-consumption test, the results of which you can see in the table. For the memory test, we measured how much RAM each browser consumed in opening the same 20 sites in separate tabs. To minimise the risk of different page loads, we deliberately chose everyday sites with little or no advertising.

When it comes to standards compliance, all five of the browsers we tested scored a perfect 100 in the Acid3 test, although support for the numerous HTML5 technologies varies.

Chrome 28


Chrome
Chrome has long been our preferred browser in the PC Pro office, but recently there have been more than a few grumbles about Google’s once-nimble browser bogging down PCs if more than a fistful of tabs are open.

Our tests bear out the anecdotal evidence. As ever, Chrome affords each tab a separate process in Windows’ Task Manager, but with our 20 tabs open, it consumed more memory than any other browser on test, topping out at 512MB. Worse still, it didn’t release any of that memory when we pushed our PC’s RAM beyond 90% utilisation using a RAM disk, which could lead to slowdown and instability for those using PCs with limited amounts of memory. At least unused background tabs weren’t consuming much in the way of CPU time.

Chrome’s benchmark performance was mixed. In the JavaScript SunSpider test, it was only a slim fraction ahead of bottom-placed Safari, although it topped the more wide-ranging Peacekeeper benchmark, scoring particularly strongly for support for various HTML5 tests. Chrome’s Windows 8 mode is barely distinguishable from the desktop browser – it makes few concessions to touchscreen users.

Chrome’s cross-platform compatibility is peerless. Bookmarks, passwords, apps and even open tabs are synchronised across mobile, desktop and even Chromebooks as soon as you enter your Google account details, although we’re concerned thieves can access saved passwords without having to re-enter the master Google password. There’s also a great variety of add-ons and apps available to extend the browser.

With the company’s new Blink engine under the hood – a fork of the previously used WebKit – which Google says will allow it to improve performance and remove unused clutter, we have hopes for a brighter future in terms of performance. For now, though, Chrome has grown too sluggish to earn our recommendation.

Rating: 4/6

Firefox 22

Mozilla Firefox

The notorious Firefox memory leaks of a few years ago convinced many people to dump the Mozilla browser and head to Chrome. Now it might be time to make the reverse journey.

Firefox was the most memory-efficient of the browsers on test, using only three quarters of the RAM Chrome demanded for the same 20 tabs. Even more impressively, Firefox was quick to hand back memory when we used the RAM disk to push our test PC’s memory utilisation beyond 90%, dropping from 347MB to 235MB.

Firefox recorded the second-best SunSpider benchmark score, although it was well off the pace in the more demanding Peacekeeper tests. Nevertheless, Firefox rarely feels sluggish in day-to-day use, and it’s good to see that some of the needless resource-hogging fripperies, such as the Panorama tab organiser, have been jettisoned since we last reviewed it.

The Firefox address bar (or Awesome Bar) has always been great at anticipating the sites you want to visit, allowing you to search for previously visited page titles and keywords, as well as URLs. The value of having separate search and address bars is questionable, however, especially when punching search terms into the address bar instigates a Google search by default anyway.

Firefox Sync works cleanly across desktop and mobile versions of the browser, and the option to protect access to saved passwords with a master password gives it another advantage over Chrome.
We’re also fans of the download manager, which makes it abundantly clear when a new download has been instigated, unlike Chrome, which can subtly hide downloads.

In short, Firefox’s speed and lightweight memory demands have won us over again. After many years in the wilderness, it’s once more our browser of choice.

Rating: 5/6

Internet Explorer 10

Internet Explorer 10

Like Firefox, IE has done well to shed its reputation as a sluggish resource-hog in recent years. It recorded the fastest speed in the SunSpider benchmark by some distance, although it was off the pace in the more demanding Peacekeeper, where it simply failed to run four of the seven HTML tests – the WebGL test, and support for the Theora and WebM HTML video codecs – harming its score. Nevertheless, for day-to-day performance, we have no qualms about IE.

Its memory handling was exemplary, too. Our 20 test tabs consumed 460MB of memory, which is the second-best on test; when we thrashed the memory with the RAM disk, it instantaneously handed back almost 300MB, making the system responsive again.

The IE design is very clean, and we like the way the address bar shrinks to accommodate multiple tabs. However, there are still problems with Microsoft’s browser. Support for features such as Pinned Sites – where sites offer quick access to features and sections once pinned to the taskbar – remains patchy, and IE’s library of extensions/add-ons isn’t a patch on those of Chrome and Firefox.

The Windows 8 implementations of IE are also a mess: having two separate browsers for Metro and the desktop, which don't talk to one another to share bookmarks, history or open tabs, is beyond daft.

The forthcoming IE11 for Windows 8.1 promises further performance improvements and features, but right now we can’t bring ourselves to recommend IE over Firefox.

Rating: 3/6

Opera 15


Opera
Opera is a bit like one of those stubborn homeowners who refuses to budge even when the big corporations have surrounded it with skyscrapers. Despite decades of minimal progress in desktop market share, it stays put, offering a quirky alternative to the big boys.

Opera 15 is based on Google’s Blink engine, which explains why the browsers share virtually identical scores in our browser benchmarks. It’s the same story with memory-handling: Opera took a shade over 500MB to host our 20 test tabs and failed to release any memory when we fired up the RAM disk.

Opera is certainly the most attractive of the browsers on test, featuring customisable photo themes that sit behind its Speed Dial homepage (Opera’s equivalent of Firefox’s quick-access bookmarks). The Stash feature is Opera’s equivalent of Apple’s Reading List, which allows you to save pages for later viewing, while the Discover feature offers up news headlines tailored to your interests. The Off-Road mode, meanwhile, uses Opera’s servers to compress web pages to save on data bills when you’re running a 3G connection.

Opera die-hards may lament the segregation of the Mail client, but this is nonetheless an attractive, modern browser with a smattering of unique features to distinguish it from its peers. We rather like it.

Rating: 4/6

Safari


Safari
Safari for Windows gets off on the wrong foot by installing Apple’s Update Manager alongside the browser, then attempting to sneak QuickTime and iTunes onto your PC with pre-ticked boxes. This kind of behaviour is beyond contempt, and would probably earn Microsoft a large fine from the anti-competition authorities if it attempted a similar stunt with IE.

Things are little better when you’ve cleared the installation hurdles. On the face of it, Safari used far less memory to open our 20 tabs than any of its rivals (around 100MB), but as we left the tabs idle, memory consumption slowly climbed before the browser eventually crashed in our three test runs. Its benchmark performance was abject: it finished bottom of the pack in both SunSpider and Peacekeeper.

Safari’s Reader view does a decent job of stripping away adverts and other on-page furniture, and it lets you read multipage articles by simply scrolling down the screen. Likewise, support for Apple’s Reading List system allows you to catch up on articles you may have previously earmarked on your iPhone or iPad. But unless you’re heavily reliant on Reading List – and there are plenty of equally compelling alternatives to sync your iPhone/iPad reading habits with other browsers – we can think of no good reason why you should allow Safari anywhere near your PC.

Rating: 2/6

Browser benchmark results

Author: Barry Collins

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User comments

Safari for Windows

Not sure why this was included when it's no longer developed for Windows?

By urbanshepherd on 27 Jul 2013

@urbanshepherd

Yes, does seem a bit strange to include an obsolete browser (at least on Windows).

Also would have been nice to have some bar charts showing the various results, and maybe a startup time (from cold/warm) test.

Still, this round-up's much appreciated and seems to chime with my own experiences with Firefox becoming relevant again.

By pbryanw on 27 Jul 2013

Missing

As always, these articles only ever look at the top few options. Although I agree that chrome is best, there are chrome-based browsers that offer interesting features like rockmelt and the torch browser. If you only look at the top five you miss out on all kinds of stuff.

By Maximus758 on 28 Jul 2013

THG goes further

Tom's Hardware recently did a very in-depth analysis of browsers too and came to a similar conclusion. Other recent faults of Chrome are also that it fails to properly load lots of tabs at startup (THG launched it with around 60 tabs and had to refresh around 30 of them to get them to display), plus apparently it's also become VERY slow at launching as well.

Yep, ironically the quick and nimble Chrome has become slow and bloated Chrome, whilst Firefox seems to have been secretly going on a diet. I didn't stop using Firefox myself (although I did consider it). Seems like a good decision now!

By Trippynet on 29 Jul 2013

Chrome issues

One of the most annoying issues with Chrome is lack of control over browser's files.

I have 128GB SSD as my system + applications disk and every GB counts there. I often found Chrome folder to grow to gigabytes as updates never delete files that belong to previous version.

There's also no way to limit cache folder size or even delete cache from browser settings. Come on google, it's 2013.

By radnor on 29 Jul 2013

Opera 15 isn't Opera

With a completely different interface and engine, Opera 15 is Opera in name only.

I'm one of those Opera die-hards who stuck with it from the days when Netscape 2 was its main competitor. I preferred Opera because of its many unique and powerful features, and its exceptionally customisable user interface.

To me absolutely everything that made Opera "Opera" is missing in this new form-over-function browser. It's basically just a tweaked version of Chrome, with an equally inflexible one-size-fits-all user interface. Even clever features (like saved sessions, bookmark management, and tab tiling) that won me over from Netscape in 1996/7 are missing in this version.

I don't know why the developers even bothered to keep the Opera name; this dumbed down Chrome clone obviously isn't intended to appeal to fans of the powerful and feature rich browser it used to be.

By davek99 on 31 Jul 2013

Utter ********

Many of these tests under laboratory conditions have no bearing on reality, and this is one of those.

For a typical user, Chrome is the best browser by miles. It is not even close.

By mmentm on 31 Jul 2013

Utter ********

Many of these tests under laboratory conditions have no bearing on reality, and this is one of those.

For a typical user, Chrome is the best browser by miles. It is not even close.

By mmentm on 31 Jul 2013

Subjectively....IE10 and 11..

The full screen mode of IE10 is brilliant and purely subjectively IE11 on Win7 seems very fast.

By jmiii on 1 Aug 2013

Metrology_man

I retried chrome at home last weekend ( Sun 28 July ) and like you I was not that impressed. I will stick with Firefox 22 for the time being.

By Tonyguitar on 1 Aug 2013

FF agreement

I'd noticed the same as PC Pro, Chrome has become increasingly problematic for the wide gamut of user's I support, Memory issues and struggling with Facebook pages and Flash support bugs.

I've switched to Firefox for the first time in years.

Missing from this article is a security review, after all its a fundamental part of any Browser's requirements.

By Gindylow on 1 Aug 2013

@mmentm

Err.. how? And why?

Chrome launches much more slowly, eats gobfulls of memory, doesn't release RAM properly, fails to properly load tabs if you launch a session with a lot of them open, etc.

Firefox is faster, leaner on memory and more reliable at opening lots of tabs properly, to say nothing of it's vastly superior collection of addons.

So, how do you come to your "Chrome is better" conclusion again?

By Trippynet on 1 Aug 2013

Maxthon

Maxthon is my preferred browser it should be included as it blows most of these away in terms of features with its new cloud browser sync but Chrome is undoubtedly in real world use the fastest (as long as you dont load too many addons).

By Omendata on 1 Aug 2013

Firefox may be making progress curing the bloat, but it takes a lot more than a few benchmarks to convince most system administrators.

Having tens of tabs open is not my usage style, and launch time is my key metric. On my old laptop I sometimes forget I've launched Firefox by the time it opens, and it still judders horribly from time to time.

It is also incomprehensible why I have to waste time with trying different Personas so that the appearance does not have to offend my taste every time I use it.

And as Gindylow pointed out, security is the primary concern with a web browser, and performance next. I don't recognise the Sunspider results for Chrome, on old hardware it is obviously more responsive than Firefox. And apps, particularly the packaged sort are a much more modern approach than extensions, Firefox seem to be running a covert war on extensions that break their security rules. Firefox just looks old-fashioned these days, good for browsing Slashdot, awkward with web services.

By c6ten on 4 Aug 2013

Constant Hang when DL via Chrome

I've given up with Chrome, in the last week, due to hangs and crashes whenever I try to download anything, when I had a couple of Tabs open. Tried everything to a complete uninstall and system clean through to running a bare-bones with no apps/extensions in case those where the issue. When I searched the issue, it seems to be a intermittent recurring problem dating back to 2009!

Went back to Firefox, but not fully happy with it's insistence on the "Awesome Bar", when I want it to open on a new tab, showing the page I want, I want it to focus on the Search Box, not the Awesome Bar.

Firefox has it's faults (the Awesome Bar is the biggest) but it's better than it was the other year when I made the switch to Chrome.

Oh and not a huge lover of PepperFlash, as ironically it won't touch a lot of early YouTube videos. (I'm an old fart and want to listen to songs from the 80s!)

By scooter91170 on 6 Aug 2013

@mmentm

Your comment re: comparing browser launching times illustrates how we each have different experiences and every computer is different.

My IE10 opens almost instantaneously; Chrome takes around 2 seconds to open and FF takes about 8-10 seconds to open. I have a decent SSD too!

Overall, Chrome and IE10 seem noticeably faster than FF in opening/navigating sites, but Chrome slows down the most (of the 3) when many tab are opened.

I guess others have different experiences though and that makes it hard to determine what really is the best/fastest browser out there.

By cooloox on 17 Sep 2013

A very interesting and well-written report

Several points in this report did strike a chord with me such as the behind-the-scenes bloated nature of Chrome and the cheap tactics of tacking on unwanted programs during installation.
I now personally use an upgrade-disabled 2012 version of Firefox as my main browser and Opera 16.0 as backup. This version of Opera is not the finished article but it shows promise.

By keithy on 20 Sep 2013

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